Access to resilient infrastructure
Access to resilient infrastructure, notably in areas at risk of sudden-onset disasters, is essential for achieving gender responsive disaster risk reduction.
Ensuring access to resilient infrastructure, requires adopting structural measures to reduce damage and loss of life for women and girls in their homes and whilst using community facilities (e.g. markets, schools) as well as allowing accessibly (e.g. for women with disabilities), convenience and safety. It is critical that women and other high-risk groups participate in the design and construction of infrastructure projects. Investment in public and private infrastructure that meets the priorities of diverse groups of women, does not expose them to further risk, meets universal design standards, and is resilient to potential hazards is therefore a priority.
Infrastructure resilience is not just about structural measures but ensuring gender-responsive non-structural measures such as operating and governance systems. Through the Markets for Change programme, UN Women is building the leadership and ensuring the participation of rural and urban women in Market Vendor Associations as well as strengthening their preparedness through developing market resilience action plans and associated measures (e.g. emergency practice drills).
Post-disaster recovery and reconstruction provides an opportunity for gender-responsive and inclusive “building-forward better”. This means that women’s infrastructure needs are met, including priority-setting on which types of infrastructure should be reconstructed first. For example, large roads may serve the socioeconomic needs of men in their gendered work roles, but women may see more immediate need for footpaths, health centres, schools, and childcare facilities. For any infrastructure project, women should have equal access to employment opportunities and should be treated equally in their work.