This edition of the Regional Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction in the Arab States (RAR-Arab States) is the first punctuation mark in the implementation of the Sendai Framework in the Arab region. It is influenced by the Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction 2019 (GAR19), and offers an update on progress made in implementing the Sendai Framework’s goal, targets, and priorities, while identifying entry points for improving coherence with climate change adaptation and sustainable development. It also provides an analysis of region-specific systemic risk drivers, including a contextualized discussion on vulnerability, rapid urbanization, conflict, and food security.
Chapter 4 of this report reviews vulnerability to climate change and disaster risk, including the relationship with distress migration, within the sustainable development paradigm. Recognizing the heterogeneity of populations, both the drivers of vulnerability and impacts in relation to different population segments, sectors, occupations and geographies are analysed. Drawing on an analysis of progress and lessons from good practices at regional, national and community levels, the chapter identifies areas for sustainable reduction in vulnerabilities, resilience building and enhancement of capacities of different population groups to climate change, disaster risks and distress migration. Throughout, the analysis is underscored by a nexus approach that addresses the connectivity between issues and bridges the humanitarian and development agendas.was written by UN Women and has a specific focus on gender and disaster risk reduction.