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Case studies

Cash handouts provide lifeline to vulnerable women in Viet Nam facing double impact of pandemic and flooding

Cash handouts provide lifeline to vulnerable women in Viet Nam facing double impact of pandemic and flooding

28 February 2021
Woman in a field

When Quang Tri Province suffered the worst flooding in 41 years in October 2020, Le Thi An and her family of six flower farmers knew that they were facing difficult times.

“The income of my family depends much on selling flowers, but our fields were all destroyed by the historic flood,” said Le Thi An, 58, who lives in the province’s Trieu Hoa commune. “We had borrowed 28 million VND (around 1,150 USD) to buy flower cultivars, and have to pay the interest every month. I could not sleep well for many nights.”

Luckily An’s headache has been partly solved.

In January, An’s family together with another 314 marginalised women-headed households in four communes of Quang Tri province each received a cash grant of VND 4 million (around 173 USD) from UN Women through Viet Nam Women’s Union to build back their livelihoods.


A woman
With support from UN Women, Le Thi An has recovered her daisy fields. Photo: UN Women/Thao Hoang


“The money came at a very good time. It helped my family a lot in the difficult time. I used the money to buy flower cultivars and fertiliser. If everything goes smoothly, by March, the daisy fields can bring us 20 million VND [860 USD].”



Mrs. Tran Thi Quyt, 60, is disabled and the breadwinner of a family of four people also with disabilities in Trieu Son commune. Like An, she lost all poultry as well as income from her vegetable fields due to the heavy flood and COVID-19, but has now recovered her resilience.

“With the support money I bought two piglets, some chickens and fertiliser. I also received two trainings from Women’s Union on how to raise them correctly to avoid sickness and get the highest price.”

Woman and pig
Tran Thi Quyt used the money to buy two piglets and some fertilizer. Photo: UN Women/Thao Hoang


Quyt was very happy to share that she could earn up to 15 million VND (around 650 USD) when she sells the pigs and chicken after Tet, the Lunar New Year.

“I will use the money earned from selling the pigs and vegetables to build a new room for my elder son so he can get married. Last year, he lost his job due to COVID-19 and we did not have money to do that.”


The historic flood caused more than 30 trillion VND of damage across the region.

In total 192 people were killed, 57 people were missing, and hundreds of thousands of houses as well as hectares of rice, crops, and aquaculture were damaged. The disaster compounded the difficulties from the pandemic already affecting people in central Viet Nam.


In addition, according to an assessment conducted by UN Women and the UN in Viet Nam, women are more severely affected than men by floods, lack of clean water, poor sanitation and hygiene and poor health. “The floods and COVID-19 increased women’s work burden, including unpaid care work and household chores like cleaning up after the flood, taking care of children and sick people during the social distancing time.” said Elisa Fernandez Saenz, Representative of UN Women in Viet Nam. “This situation reduced their chances of participating in other income-generating jobs, increases their vulnerability and makes them more likely to be left behind.”


Woman using a sewing machine
The grants prioritised the most vulnerable women. Photo: UN Women/Thao Hoang


UN Women cooperated with the Women's Union of Quang Tri province to provide the cash transfers.

The total of VND 1,260,000,000 (54,700 USD) comes from UN Women’s core fund, the Embassy of Ireland in Viet Nam, and the Government of Sweden. Cash grants were delivered directly to the beneficiaries by the provincial Women's Union members and prioritised women. Priority was given to the most vulnerable families, such as those with women-headed households; pregnant women or women with children under 12 months of age; people with disabilities or chronic diseases; and people over 65.


“This financial support is essential to vulnerable women.  Women and families can buy seedlings, seed, fertiliser, food and other productive tools in time for the upcoming farming season.  This will mitigate their suffering from the flooding.”

Nguyen Thi Que Phuong, Vice Chairperson of Quang Tri Women’s Union

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This project is also part of the Joint Response Plan of the United Nations in Viet Nam in responding to the damage caused by the flooding in the central of Viet Nam.