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Findings from the WRD Policy Tracker
Headline findings are that:
- Only 11 countries currently have DRR/DRM frameworks inclusive of all the Sendai Framework high-risk groups. These are: Argentina, Botswana, Bangladesh, El Salvador, Jordan, Liberia, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Uganda, Vanuatu, and Zambia.
- 53 countries have developed DRR/DRM frameworks, which include gender commitments.
- Only 8 countries highlight within their DRR/DRM frameworks that women and/or women's organisations have meaningfully participated in policy, strategy, or plan development.
Global analysis shows that:
- Almost half of the reviewed inclusive DRR/DRM frameworks are plans rather than laws or policies.
- Almost all the reviewed inclusive DRR/DRM frameworks have been developed for the national level.
Regional analysis shows that:
- Countries in Asia, Pacific, the Americas and the Caribbean more consistently include children and youth, women, and persons with disabilities within their frameworks.
- Conversely, countries in Eastern and Southern Africa are more inclusive of displaced and migrant people, and indigenous and ethnic minorities compared with other regions.
High-risk group analysis shows that:
- Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu, Bangladesh, Nepal, Jordan, Argentina, and El Salvador are good examples of countries with DRR/DRM frameworks that are inclusive of all Sendai Framework high-risk groups.
- Fiji, India, Guatemala, Togo, Chile and Kenya are good examples of countries with DRR/DRM frameworks that are gender-responsive.
A good practice example for the inclusion of children is the Philippines; people living with disabilities is the Federated States of Micronesia; people living poverty is Cape Verde; displaced or migrant people is Bangladesh; indigenous or ethnic minorities is Canada; and older people is Brazil.
No national DRR/DRM laws, policies, strategies, or plans exist that are inclusive of LGBQTIA+ individuals although there is reference to LGBQTIA+ in a government memorandum, a roundtable report, and a development policy framework for Poland, Canada, and Sweden respectively.
Several non-governmental organisations and/or researcher organisations have shared guidelines on the inclusion of people with diverse sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression and sex characteristics (SOGIESC) in disaster and climate risk reduction, humanitarian response, and resilience