Preparation, response and recovery from Tropical Cyclone Pam in Vanuatu
In March 2015, Vanuatu was devastated by a Category 5 Tropical Cyclone (TC). CARE has been implementing gender-responsive community-based Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation (DRR & CCA) programs in the Tafea Province since 2011 and supported the local government to provide rapid emergency relief after TC Pam. A year after the cyclone, an independent study was commissioned to assess evidence of the impact of CARE’s mid-to-long term DRR interventions in the event of a major natural disaster. This paper is a summary of the study’s findings.
The conclusions of this report are the following:
- Gender and women’s empowerment are important goals for DRR.
- Better preparation dramatically changed community experiences of TC Pam.
- Early warning alone is not enough: understanding of the information and a trusted source is needed.
- The whole community took responsibility for people with disability, children and the elderly.
- CARE’s gender responsive DRR programming contributed to reducing the impact and damage from TC Pam in the communities that had participated in DRR programming compared to the communities that had not.
- The timing of preparation critical. is
- Recovery capacity exists at the community level.